Bill Memo: Shifting the Recycling Burden and More

Major benefit rating


This bill amends Article 27 of the Environmental Conservation Law by adding in a new Title 34 to provide for a packaging reduction and recycling infrastructure program. This legislation would shift the financial burden of managing packaging waste from taxpayers to the producers that put packaging on the market as well as significantly reduce the amount of packaging and plastic waste produced in New York State.


This legislation enacts the Packaging Reduction and Recycling Infrastructure Act, which creates a comprehensive program for packaging, that will help tackle our solid waste crisis and fix our struggling recycling system. An average of 6.8 million tons of packaging waste is produced each year in New York, constituting 40% of the total waste stream. Most of this packaging is sent to landfills, burned in incinerators, or winds up as litter on our streets and beaches. Litter that washes into streams, rivers, and ultimately the ocean amounts to between 9 and 16 million metric tons of plastic pollution entering the ocean each year, the equivalent of a garbage truck dumping its load into the ocean every minute. In addition, the state of our recycling system is on tenuous ground, with municipal curbside recycling programs struggling every day to stay afloat. The volume of curbside materials has increased over time with the proliferation of single-use convenience packaging, more packaging component parts, and increased consumer delivery and online ordering habits.

A strong packaging reduction and recycling infrastructure policy is desperately needed to shift the responsibility and cost onto the producers of products to support municipal recycling programs, improve recycling, and to spur real waste reduction measures. This legislation achieves those things and more by establishing effective goals and targets for the use of post-consumer materials in packaging, reusable packaging alternatives, bans on toxic chemicals in packaging, and the exclusion of chemical recycling and other waste to fuel processes in the definition of recycling. By establishing ambitious waste reduction goals and targets, this legislation offers an opportunity to address our packaging waste crisis at the source. Further, it is imperative to reject the inclusion of chemical or advanced recycling as an allowable method because these processes are significant generators of hazardous waste and toxic air pollution.

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Environmental Advocates NY Bill Rating: Major Benefit

Memo #: 21