Bill Memo: Freshwater Wetland Protections

Major benefit rating

Summary

With clean water protections being rolled back at the federal level, New York must step up to protect our critical wetlands. This bill restores New York’s freshwater wetland protections by including wetlands one acre or greater under state regulatory authority, regardless of whether they appear on the state’s wetlands maps, a measure that would make protections more consistent statewide.

Wetlands provide many benefits to people and the environment. They filter sediment, nutrients and pollutants from runoff, improving water quality and serving as a natural filtration for our drinking water. Wetlands control and slow flood waters and serve as a natural buffer along shorelines, thus strengthening our climate resiliency. They provide important wildlife habitat and spawning and nesting grounds for fish, birds and other species. They also serve as important recreation areas for hunting, boating and bird watching. Scientific literature overwhelmingly demonstrates that wetlands, even when isolated, can affect the integrity of downstream waters.

Federal and state regulations to protect wetlands have not kept pace with development, and as a result, wetlands are disappearing at an alarming rate. New York can only regulate activities on wetlands larger than 12.4 acres. This bill will expand NYS Department of Environmental Conservation’s power to conserve smaller, ecologically-critical wetlands.

The federal government is currently moving backwards on wetlands protections. In 2019, the Trump administration finalized its repeal of the science-based, Obama-era Clean Water Rule, replacing it with a 30-year-old definition of the Waters of the United States which decreases the protections of New York wetlands and waterways under the Clean Water Act. It is up to New York to establish the necessary safeguards to protect our wetlands and freshwater resources.

Explanation

Environmental Advocates NY Bill Rating: Major Benefit

Memo #: 13